Sunday, 30 April 2017

Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France

This sites includes 78 structures and some of them were already in the UNESCO World Heritage list. I've already been in Périgueux and in Bordeaux but I'd love to do the whole route.

Routes of Santiago de Compostela
This postcard arrived from Portugal sent by Martinha

Santiago de Compostela was the supreme goal for countless thousands of pious pilgrims who converged there from all over Europe throughout the Middle Ages. To reach Spain pilgrims had to pass through France, and the group of important historical monuments included in this inscription marks out the four routes by which they did so. - in: http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/868/

Saint-Front Cathedral
Saint-Front Cathedral is located in Périgueux, the capital of the historic Périgord and Préfecture of the Dordogne department. - in: https://travelfranceonline.com/saint-front-cathedral-perigueux-dordogne/

Saint-Front Cathedral
The Saint Front Cathedral was designed on the model of St. Mark's Basilica in Venice. The layout of the cathedral is in the form of a Greek cross. Its five domes with turrets show a direct architectural relationship with oriental religious buildings, which served as inspiration for the architects of Saint-Front Cathedral. The domes of Saint-Front Cathedral were once different in size, but were redesigned by architect Paul Abadie to have one size, and to be symmetrical. The pillars carrying the load of the superstructure are 6 meters wide. The domes are inaccessible to the public. - in: wikipedia

Tour Pey-Berland
Bordeaux Cathedral (FrenchCathédrale Saint-André de Bordeaux) is a Roman Catholic cathedral dedicated to Saint Andrew and located in BordeauxFrance.
The cathedral was consecrated by Pope Urban II in 1096. Of the original Romanesque edifice, only a wall in the nave remains. The Royal Gate is from the early 13th century, while the rest of the construction is mostly from the 14th-15th centuries.
A separate bell tower, the Tour Pey-Berland, stands next to the cathedral. - in: wikipedia

Mont Saint-Michel
This postcard was sent by Ulla

Le Mont-Saint-Michel (EnglishSaint Michael's Mount) is an island commune in Normandy, France.
The island has held strategic fortifications since ancient times and since the 8th century AD has been the seat of the monastery from which it draws its name. The structural composition of the town exemplifies the feudal society that constructed it: on top, God, the abbey and monastery; below, the great halls; then stores and housing; and at the bottom, outside the walls, houses for fishermen and farmers. - in: wikipedia

Bourges Cathedral
This postcard was sent by Jordi

Bourges Cathedral (Cathédrale Saint-Étienne de Bourges) is a Roman Catholic church located in BourgesFrance.
The present Cathedral was built as a replacement for a mid-11th-century structure, traces of which survive in the crypt. - in: wikipedia

Amiens Cathedral
This postcard was sent by Axel

The Cathedral Basilica of Our Lady of Amiens (FrenchBasilique Cathédrale Notre-Dame d'Amiens), or simply Amiens Cathedral, is a Roman Catholic cathedral and seat of the Bishop of Amiens.
The cathedral contains the alleged head of John the Baptist, a relic brought from Constantinople by Wallon de Sarton as he was returning from the Fourth Crusade. - in: wikipedia

Belfries of Belgium and France

It's incredible how hard it was for me to get a postcard of a belfry of France when there are 23 in the country! From Belgium it wasn't that hard and I already have a few. However I hope to get more from both countries

Belfry of Bruges
This postcard was sent by Amina

The belfry of Bruges (DutchBelfort van Brugge) is a medieval bell tower in the historical centre of BrugesBelgium. One of the city's most prominent symbols, the belfry formerly housed a treasury and the municipal archives, and served as an observation post for spotting fires and other danger. A narrow, steep staircase of 366 steps, accessible by the public for an entry fee, leads to the top of the 83 m (272 feet) high building, which leans about a metre (3 ft) to the east. - in: wikipedia

Belfry and Cloth Hall of Ghent
This postcard was sent by Valérie

The 91-metre-tall belfry of Ghent is one of three medieval towers that overlook the old city centre of GhentBelgium, the other two belonging to Saint Bavo Cathedral and Saint Nicholas' Church. Its height makes it the tallest belfry in Belgium.
Construction of the tower began in 1313 after a design by master mason Jan van Haelst. (...) After continuing intermittently through wars, plagues and political turmoil, the work reached completion in 1380. 
The rectangular hall adjoining the belfry was built to headquarter the affairs of the cloth trade that made the city rich during the Middle Ages. 
A small annex dating from 1741, called the Mammelokker, served as the entrance and guard's quarters of the city jail that occupied part of the old cloth hall from 1742 to 1902. The name refers to the sculpture of Roman Charity poised high above the front doorway. - in: wikipedia


Cathedral of Our Lady in Antwerp
This postcard arrived from Spain sent by Patricia


The Cathedral of Our Lady is a Roman Catholic cathedral in AntwerpBelgium. Today's see of the Diocese of Antwerp started in 1352 and, although the first stage of construction was ended in 1521, has never been 'completed'. In Gothic style, its architects were Jan and Pieter Appelmans. It contains a number of significant works by the Baroque painter Peter Paul Rubens, as well as paintings by artists such as Otto van VeenJacob de Backer and Marten de Vos
The church's one finished spire is 123 metres (404 ft) high, the highest church tower in the BeneluxCharles V, Holy Roman Emperorcommented that the spire should be kept under glass, and Napoleon compared the spire to Mechlin lace.- in: wikipedia

Antwerp City Hall
This postcard was sent by Hanko

The Stadhuis (City Hall) of AntwerpBelgium, stands on the western side of Antwerp's Grote Markt (Great Market Square). Erected between 1561 and 1565 after designs made by Cornelis Floris de Vriendt and several other architects and artists, this Renaissance building incorporates both Flemish and Italian influences. - in: wikipedia


St. Rumbold's Cathedral
This postcard arrived from Spain sent by Patricia

St. Rumbold's Cathedral (DutchSint-Romboutskathedraal) is the Belgian metropolitan archiepiscopal cathedral in Mechelen, dedicated to Saint Rumbold, Christian missionary and martyr who had founded an abbey nearby.
Construction of the church itself started shortly after 1200, and it was consecrated in 1312, when part had become usable. From 1324 onwards the flying buttresses and revised choir structure acquired characteristics that would distinguish Brabantine Gothic from French Gothic.
During the final phase of 1452-1520, the tower was erected, financed by pilgrims and later by its proprietor, the City.
The flat-topped silhouette of the cathedral's tower is easily recognizable and dominates the surroundings. For centuries it held the city documents, served as a watchtower, and could sound the fire alarm. Despite its characteristic incompleteness, this World Heritage monument is 97.28 metres high and its 514 steps are mounted by thousands of tourists every year, following the footsteps of Louis XVNapoleonKing Albert I, and King Baudouin with queen Fabiola in 1981. - in: wikipedia

St Peter's Church of Leuven
This postcard arrived from Spain sent by Patricia

Saint Peter's Church (Dutch: Sint-Pieterskerk) of LeuvenBelgium, is situated on the city's Grote Markt (main market square), right across the ornate Town Hall. Built mainly in the 15th century in Brabantine Gothic style, the church has a cruciform floor plan and a low bell tower that has never been completed. It is 93 meters long.
In 1505, Joost Matsys (brother of painter Quentin Matsys) forged an ambitious plan to erect three colossal towers of freestone surmounted by openwork spires, which would have had a grand effect, as the central spire would rise up to about 170 m, making it the world's tallest structure at the time. Insufficient ground stability and funds proved this plan impracticable, as the central tower reached less than a third of its intended height before the project was abandoned in 1541. After the height was further reduced by partial collapses from 1570 to 1604, the main tower now rises barely above the church roof; at its sides are mere stubs - in: wikipedia

Belfry of Tournai (at the right)
This postcard was sent by Natália

The belfry (Frenchbeffroi) of TournaiBelgium, is a freestanding bell tower of medieval origin, 72 metres in height with a 256-step stairway.
Construction of the belfry began around 1188 when King Philip Augustus of France granted Tournai its town charter, conferring among other privileges the right to mount a communal bell to ring out signals to the townsfolk. - in: wikipedia

Belfry of the City Hall of Arras
This postcard arrived from Finland sent by Anu

The Gothic town hall and its belfry were constructed between 1463 and 1554 and had to be rebuilt in a slightly less grandiose style after World War I. The belfry is 75 meters (246 feet) high and used to serve as a watchtower. Nowadays tourists can enjoy ascending the belfry. - in: wikipedia

Belfry of the City Hall of Calais
This postcard was sent by Hanko

One of Calais’ finest landmarks is the Town Hall (1911-25) whose clock towering belfry can be seen for miles around. This magnificent neo-Femish-style structure built of brick and stone was finally completed in 1925 after being interrupted by The Great War. - in: http://www.calais-guide.co.uk/sights/hotel-de-ville.html

Belfry of The City Hall of Hesdin (left)
This postcard was sent by Hanko

Hesdin The Town Hall, built in the sixteenth century, has a red brick facade, while its plinth is made of sandstone. One can observe the coat of arms of Charles V, and the weapons of the Prince de Ligne, on the part of the sixteenth century. Inside, the marriage hall exposes an array of Vluitel inspired by Dante's Inferno by Delacroix, while the music room has an impressive fireplace of the sixteenth century the arms of Robert de Melun. The Flemish tapestries from the room tapestries, have been classified as an historic monument. - in: http://www.france-voyage.com/cities-towns/hesdin-24196.htm

The belfries (in red what I have):

Belgium

  • Belfry of Bruges
  • City Hall and Belfry of Diksmuide
  • Belfry of Kortrijk
  • Belfry of Lo-Reninge
  • Town Hall and Belfry of Menen
  • Town Hall and Belfry of Nieuwpoort
  • Town Hall and Belfry of Roeselare
  • Belfry, Cloth Hall and Aldermen's Chamber of Tielt
  • City Hall and Belfry of Veurne
  • Cloth Hall with Belfry of Ypres
  • Aldermen's House with Belfry of Aalst
  • City Hall with Belfry of Dendermonde
  • City Hall with Belfry of Eeklo
  • Belfry, Cloth Hall and Mammelokker of Ghent
  • City Hall with Belfry of Oudenaarde
  • Cathedral of Our Lady in Antwerp
  • City Hall of Antwerp
  • Former City & 'Laken'(Cloth) Hall of Herentals
  • City Hall and Belfry tower of Lier
  • St. Rumbold's Tower of the Cathedral of Mechelen
  • Old Cloth Hall with Belfry of Mechelen
  • Saint Peter's Church and Tower in Leuven
  • St. Germanus Church with Stadstoren (City Tower) in Tienen
  • Saint Leonard's Church in Zoutleeuw
  • City Hall with Tower of Sint-Truiden
  • Basilica of Our Lady with Stadstoren (City Tower) in Tongeren
  • Belfry of the City Hall of Binche
  • Belfry of the City Hall of Charleroi
  • Belfry of Mons
  • Belfry of Thuin
  • Belfry of Tournai
  • Belfry of Gembloux
  • Belfry of Namur
France
  • Belfry of the City Hall of Armentières
  • Belfry of the City Hall of Bailleul
  • Belfry of Bergues
  • Belfry of the St. Martin's Church in Cambrai
  • Belfry of the City Hall of Comines
  • Belfry of the City Hall of Douai
  • Belfry of the City Hall of Dunkirk
  • Belfry of the Church Saint Eloi in Dunkirk 
  • Belfry of Gravelines
  • Belfry of the City Hall of Lille
  • Belfry of the City Hall of Loos
  • Belfry of the City Hall of Aire-sur-la-Lys
  • Belfry of the City Hall of Arras
  • Belfry of Béthune
  • Belfry of the City Hall of Boulogne-sur-Mer
  • Belfry of the City Hall of Calais
  • Belfry of the City Hall of Hesdin
  • Belfry of Abbeville
  • Belfry of Amiens
  • Belfry of the former Municipal Hall, now tourist information center in Doullens
  • Belfry on the remaining City Gate of Lucheux
  • Belfry of Rue
  • Belfry of Saint-Riquier

Saturday, 29 April 2017

Classical Weimar

Classical Weimar consists of multiple structures related to Weimar Classicism. Goethe and Schiller were two of the personalities that most contributed to that movement. 

Goethe's House
This postcard was sent by Hanko

The Goethe House (Goethes Wohnhaus) is the main house lived in by the writer, poet, and statesman Johann Wolfgang von Goethe whilst in Weimar, Germany, though he did live in several others in the town. The home serves as the main location of the Goethe-Nationalmuseum.
In Goethe's residential building, situated at the Weimar place "Frauenplan", visitors can view the rooms in which he and his wife, Christiane Vulpius, lived, at Goethe's study and library, the reception room, the rooms where the art collection was stored, and the garden. The house also contains research facilities, including the “Studiensaal”, an institution used during the age of Goethe which is similar to a congress or conference centre today. - in: wikipedia

Duchess Anna Amalia Library
This postcard was sent by Hanko

The Duchess Anna Amalia Library (German: Herzogin Anna Amalia Bibliothek) in Weimar, Thuringia, Germany, houses a major collection of German literature and historical documents.
The research library today has approximately 850,000 volumes with collection emphasis on the German literature. Among its special collections is an important Shakespeare collection of approximately 10,000 volumes, as well as a 16th-century Bible connected to Martin Luther.
The Duchess Anna Amalia Library is named for Anna Amalia, Duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, who arranged in 1766 for the courtly (hoefische) book collection to be moved into the library. - in: wikipedia

Russian Orthodox Chapel
This postcard was sent by Hanko

The Russian Orthodox Chapel is a funerary chapel built in Weimar in 1860 for Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia. It was constructed in the Historical Cemetery behind the Weimarer Fürstengruft, to which it is connected by an underground passage. Maria Pavlovna's coffin is located in the passage, with her husband Charles Frederick's coffin placed directly beside it. A spiral staircase leads to another underground connection to the Fürstengruft, though this is now closed by a metal plate. - in: wikipedia

Goethe's Garden House on the Ilm
This postcard was sent by Austin

The former vineyard cottage in the Park on the Ilm, probably built around the end of the 16th century, was the first home acquired by Johann Wolfgang Goethe in Weimar in 1776, a few months after his arrival in Weimar, together with the surrounding garden. The purchase was financed by Duke Carl August of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach. The Gartenhaus was Goethe’s main residence and workplace until he moved to Frauenplan in June 1782. He worked for the Privy Council, the Duchy’s highest governing authority, and performed other offices entrusted to him from there. A large part of his literary works dated back to that period were also written there, including the ballad of the Erlkönig and the poem To the Moon. - in: https://www.klassik-stiftung.de/en/institutions/museums/goethe-gartenhaus/


Schloss Belvedere
This postcard was sent by Ina

The Baroque Schloss Belvedere, Weimar on the outskirts of Weimar, is a pleasure-house (Lustschloss) built for house-parties, built in 1724-1732 to designs of Johann August Richter and Gottfried Heinrich Krohne for Ernst August, Duke of Saxe-Weimar. The corps de logis is flanked by symmetrical pavilions. Today it houses part of the art collections of Weimar, with porcelains and faience, furniture and paintings of the eighteenth century.
As the summer residence, its gardens, laid out in the French style in 1728-1748, were an essential amenity. A wing of the Orangery in the Schlosspark contains a collection of historical carriages.
After 1811, much of the outer gardens was altered to conform to the English landscape garden style, as an Englischer Garten, for Grand Duke Carl Friedrich, who died at Belvedere in 1853. The enriched collection of exotic plants was published as Hortus Belvedereanus in 1820. - in: wikipedia

Castle and Castle Park Tiefurt
This postcard was sent by Hanko

Built in 1765 as a tenement house for a grand ducal demesne, the building served from 1776 as the residence of Prince Friedrich Ferdinand Constantin, the younger brother of the reigning Duke Carl August of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach. After the expansion of the tenement house to a country mansion, he and his tutor Karl Ludwig von Knebel designed a landscaped park in English style. Meandering paths were laid together with the first park architecture and seating, and various types of plants were cultivated. After Constantin’s departure to Weimar in 1781, Duchess Anna Amalia moved her summer residence to Tiefurt and continued to develop the park step by step. - in: https://www.klassik-stiftung.de/en/institutions/castles-and-gardens/tiefurt-mansion-and-park/

Buildings that are included in this site (in red what I have):
  • Goethe's House
  • Schiller's House
  • City Church, Herder House and the Old High School
  • City Castle
  • Widow's Palace
  • Duchess Anna Amalia Library
  • Princes' Tomb and Historic Cemetery
  • Park on the Ilm with Roman House, Goethe's Garden House and Garden
  • Castle, Orangery and Castle Park Belvedere
  • Castle and Castle Park Tiefurt
  • Castle and Castle Park Ettersburg