Friday, 19 January 2018

Archaeological Ensemble of Mérida

The more than 20 Roman monuments protected by UNESCO in Mérida include aqueducts, bridges, a theatre and an amphitheatre, a circus, temples and Roman baths

Los Milagros Aqueduct
This postcard was sent by Manú

The Acueducto de los Milagros (English: Miraculous Aqueduct) is the ruins of a Roman aqueduct bridge, part of the aqueduct built to supply water to the Roman colony of Emerita Augusta, today MéridaSpain.
Only a relatively small stretch of the aqueduct still stands, consisting of 38 arched pillars standing 25 metres (82 ft) high along a course of some 830 metres (2,720 ft). - in: wikipedia

Roman Theatre of Mérida
This postcard was sent by Joana

The Roman Theatre of Mérida is a construction promoted by the consul Vipsanius Agrippa in the Roman city of Emerita Augusta, capital of Lusitania (current MéridaSpain). It was constructed in the years 16 to 15 BCE.
The theater has undergone several renovations, notably at the end of the 1st century or early 2nd century BC (possibly during the reign of Emperor Trajan), when the current facade of the scaenae frons was erected, and another in the time of Constantine I (between 330 and 340) which introduced new decorative-architectural elements and a walkway around the monument. Following the theatre's abandonment in Late Antiquity, it was slowly covered with earth, with only the upper tiers of seats (summa cavea) remaining visible. In local folklore the site was referred to as "The Seven Chairs", where, according to tradition, several Moorish kings sat to decide the fate of the city. - in: wikipedia

Catalan Romanesque Churches of the Vall de Boí

There are nine Romanesque churches inscribed in this site and they look very beautiful

Eglésia de Sant Climant de Taüll
This postcard was sent by Meli

Sant Climent de Taüll, also known as the Church of St. Clement of Tahull, is a Roman Catholic church in CataloniaSpain. It is a form of Romanesque architecture that contains magnificent Romanesque art. Other influences include the Lombard and Byzantine styles, which can be seen throughout the exterior and interior of the building. The church is a basilica plan structure with three naves, each of them with a terminal apse, and large columns separating the side naves. Connecting to the church is a slim bell tower that has six floors plus a base. The artwork inside the church include the famous mural paintings by the Master of Taüll (contained in the different apses and the keys of the arches), as well as the wooden altar frontal. These works of art represent different aspects of Christianity that can also be found in many other works of art. - in: wikipedia

The nine churches (in red what I have):

  • Eglésia de Sant Feliu de Barruera
  • Eglésia de Sant Joan de Boí
  • Eglésia de Santa Maria de Taül
  • Eglésia de Sant Climent de Taül
  • Eglésia de Santa Maria de l'Assumpció de Cóll
  • Eglésia de Santa Maria de Cardet
  • Eglésia de la Nativitat de Durro
  • Ermitage de Sant Quirc de Durro
  • Eglésia de Santa Eulàlia de Vall

Thursday, 18 January 2018

Hattusha: the Hittite Capital

I have a couple of multi-view postcards that show a UNESCO site in one image and the other images are not part of the site. It is the case of this one, that besides Hattusha shows also others Çorum Province's views. I prefer when the postcards show only the protected area but until I get a better one this one will do.

Lion's Gate (in the top centre)
This postcard was sent by Onder

Hattusha: the Hittite Capital is located in Boğazkale District of Çorum Province, in a typical landscape of the Northern Central Anatolian Mountain Region.
The property consists of the Hittite city area, the rock sanctuary of Yazılıkaya on the north, the ruins of Kayalı Boğaz on the east and the İbikçam Forest on the south. A monumental enclosure wall of more than 8 km in length surrounds the whole city. There are remains of older walls around the lower city and section walls dividing the large city area in separate districts. The ruins of the upper city’s fortification form a double wall with more than a hundred towers and, as far as is known today, five gateways: two in the west, the Lion’s Gate in the south-west, the King’s Gate in the south-east and a procession gate, the Sphinx Gate in the south of the city.
The best-preserved ruin of a Hittite Temple from the 13th century B.C., known as Great Temple, is located in the Lower City. - in:

Wednesday, 17 January 2018

Archaeological Sites of Mycenae and Tiryns

Mycenae and Tiryns were the two greatest cities of the Mycenaean civilization. So far I only have a postcard of the first one.

Treasury of Atreus
This postcard was sent by Elena

The Treasury of Atreus or Tomb of Agamemnon is a large "tholos" tomb on the Panagitsa Hill at MycenaeGreece, constructed during the Bronze Age around 1250 BC. The lintel stone above the doorway weighs 120 tons, with approximate dimensions 8.3 x 5.2 x 1.2m, the largest in the world. The tomb was used for an unknown period. Mentioned by Pausanias, it was still visible in 1879 when the German archeologist Heinrich Schliemann discovered the shaft graves under the 'agora' in the Acropolis at Mycenae. - in: wikipedia

Monasteries of Daphni, Hosios Loukas and Nea Moni of Chios

The three monasteries inscribed in this site are geographically distant from each other but they share the same aesthetic characteristics

Monastery of Hosios Loukas
This postcard was sent by Elena

Hosios Loukas is a historic walled monastery situated near the town of Distomo, in BoeotiaGreece. It is one of the most important monuments of Middle Byzantine architecture and art.
The monastery of Hosios Loukas is situated at a scenic site on the slopes of Mount Helicon. It was founded in the early 10th century AD by the hermitVenerable (Greek: HosiosSt. Luke (Greek: Lukas), whose relics are kept in the monastery to this day. The hermit (not the Evangelist of the Gospel of Saint Luke, but a hermit who died on 7 February 953) was famous for having predicted the conquest of Crete by Emperor Romanos.
The main shrine of the monastery is the tomb of St. Luke, originally situated in the vault, but later placed at the juncture of the two churches. - in: wikipedia

The three monasteries (in red what I have):

  • Monastery of Hosios Loukas
  • Monastery of Daphni
  • Monastery of Nea Moni of Chios

Tuesday, 16 January 2018

Capital Cities and Tombs of the Ancient Koguryo Kingdom

This site includes 40 tombs: 14 tombs are imperial, 26 of nobles

Tomb of the General
This postcard was sent by Lizzie

The Tomb of the General, also known as the Pyramid of the East, is thought to be the burial tomb of King Gwanggaeto or his son King Jangsu, both kings of a kingdom of Goguryeo.
The pyramid is located in Ji'an, Jilin province China, a former capital of Goguryeo. The pyramid was "rediscovered" in 1905. 
The base of the pyramid measures approximately 75 meters on each side, about half the size of the Egyptian pyramids and is eleven meters in height. The pyramid is composed of 1,100 dressed stone blocks. Large stones, each measure approximately 3 x 5 meters were placed around the base of the pyramid and can still be seen today. The monumental size of the tomb suggests that the Goguryeo elite were very powerful and the kingdom had the ability to mobilize large numbers of people for building projects.  - in: wikipedia

Seokguram Grotto and Bulguksa Temple

This site exemplifies some of the best Buddhist sculptures in the world

Bulguksa Temple
This postcard was sent from Belgium by Amina

Bulguksa is located on the slopes of Mount Toham (Jinheon-dong, Gyeongju city, North Gyeongsang province, South Korea). It is a head temple of the Jogye Order of Korean Buddhism and encompasses seven National treasures of South Korea, including the Dabotap and Seokgatap stone pagodas, Cheongun-gyo (Blue Cloud Bridge), and two gilt-bronze statues of Buddha. The temple is classified as Historic and Scenic Site No. 1 by the South Korean government.
The temple is considered as a masterpiece of the golden age of Buddhist art in the Silla kingdom. It is currently the head temple of the 11th district of the Jogye Order of Korean Buddhism. - in: wikipedia